Expectations for the ocean as an engine of human development are increasing, as demand for resources continue to grow, and land-based sources decline. Thanks to technology we can now access resources which were not reachable for humanity before. This will lead to a growing pressure on claiming marine resources, to an unprecedented extent, intensity, and diversity. It is the Blue Acceleration, which raises new challenges in sustainability and governance, as well as amazing opportunities in new technologies, innovation, and investment. The new industrial revolution.